By Kay Chadwick
The second one global struggle spawned notorious collaborators corresponding to Brasillach and Drieu l. a. Rochelle, males who betrayed France during the profession. between their quantity stands the Catholic author Alphonse de Châteaubriant. writer of the prize-winning novels Monsieur des Lourdines and La Brière, he became his literary skills to the propagation of a collaborationist message within the pages of the notorious essay La Gerbe des forces and the both ignominious newspaper La Gerbe. even supposing not anything predisposes a Catholic to be a collaborator, Châteaubriant’s dedication to the National-Socialist reason arose from an idiosyncratic analyzing of Christian doctrine which justified racism and elitism within the identify of religious regeneration. He seen his come upon with nationwide Socialism as a long-awaited assembly of minds, and championed its representatives as males of imaginative and prescient who could re-evangelise the realm. After the battle, Châteaubriant fled to Austria. Condemned as a traitor in his absence, he indulged in an try out at self-revision and fulminated opposed to his judges till his demise day. This e-book explores the harmful pathways down which lost idealism can lead. It demanding situations those that could vague the right kind telling of Châteaubriant’s involvement, or impede a becoming narrative of the Vichy years.
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Extra info for Alphonse de Chateaubriant. Catholic collaborator
He dreamt of a charismatic, heroic leader who would form a mystical bond with the masses rather than just represent the interests of a privileged few. Maurras, however, viewed integral nationalism more in political terms, and focused on the need for appropriate institutions, advocating a social order similar to that of the Ancien Régime and calling for the restoration of the monarchy as the means to recover national grandeur. 20 20 32 On Barrès and Maurras, see Zeev Sternhell, Maurice Barrès et le nationalisme français (Presses de La Fondation Nationale Scientifique, 1972), and Raoul Girardet, Le Nationalisme français, 1871–1914, 2nd edn (Seuil, 1983 ).
The organic community: an ideal in embryo Châteaubriant’s promotion of the ‘organic’ features strongly in his early writings, where it represents an important indication of an embryonic theme, propagated in his Catholic origins, now in gestation, and awaiting the moment of its maturation in his encounter with Hitler’s Germany in the 1930s and 1940s. His short stories and first novel together introduced a substantial readership (no doubt augmented by the award of the Prix Goncourt) to his vision of an ideal community, one which was anti-modern, patriarchal and corporatist, anti-individualist and anti-capitalist, and which thereby betrays convictions typical of a late nineteenth-century intransigent Catholic mindset opposed to the France of the Revolution.
44). And the seeds of 25 26 On Action française, see Eugen Weber, Action française: Royalism and Reaction in Twentieth-Century France (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1962). On the Ligue de la Patrie française, see Cahm, The Dreyfus Affair, pp. 133–38. Readings of the early writings as regional texts include Maurice Gauchez, Romantiques d’aujourd’hui (Brussels: Renaissance d’Occident, 1924), p. 112, and Gilles Nélod, Panorama du roman historique (Éditions Sodi, 1969), p. 261. 37 Anthime’s hedonism are shown to lie in his upbringing as a spoilt child at Petit-Fougeray (ML, pp.
Alphonse de Chateaubriant. Catholic collaborator by Kay Chadwick