By D. Riddoch
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So does this failure. As we have mentioned one of the main advantages of the associative account is its economic parsimony. We also mentioned that a realistic account of information processing might involve both types of system. It is certainly possible that when faced with an unknown contingency, subjects use an associative mechanism to estimate the contingency. Once an initial estimate is made they shift their attention from this process and are resistant to changing estimates. And if something comes along to goad them into assessing events again they may continue with the associative calculation or they may use a retrospective normative system.
S/-1 group than in the PRY0 group, but at asymptote blocking will occur. The conditional independence tests of the normative model from Table I1 also predict blocking in the 3- 1 treatment because both conditional Aps = 0. 5/-1 condition. The conditional Ap for the camouflage in the presence of the plane is zero, since the plane is a perfect predictor, but the conditional Ap for the camouflage in the absence of the plane is not defined because there are only camouflagepresent plane-absent trials.
Estimates of the camouflage when both moderate positive contingencies were paired with a perfect negative predictor are represented in the fifth and sixth columns of Fig. 4. The estimates for these contingencies differed greatly. 5/-1 treatment. The first of these results is an asymptotic prediction of the Rescorla-Wagner model. With this treatment, all of the unsafe crossings are paired with the plane. This causes the plane to develop strong negative associative strength. This 20 Baker, Murphy, and Vallbe-Toumgeau negative associative strength blocks loss of associative strength by the context on the no outcome trials.
Aids to the Examination of the Peripheral Nervous System by D. Riddoch